Mental disorders are disturbances that affect the normal function of the body and mind, and consequently, limit a person’s ability to deal with everyday activities. Statistics indicate that 1 in every 5 adults has one of the common mental health disorders.
Due to the rising cases, especially in young adults, there is a need for a sustained public awareness campaign on this condition. The following is a list of some common mental health disorders:
1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Also known as chronic anxiety neurosis, this is a long term condition. A person suffering from this disorder experiences exaggerated and uncontrollable feelings when going about their daily activities. Although it is normal to feel anxious once in a while if the anxiety is frequent, day after day, you could be suffering from GAD. The typical symptoms for this condition are trouble concentrating, irritability, fatigue, muscle tension, sweaty palms, shaking and rapid heartbeat.
The factors that contribute to this condition include genetics, prolonged exposure to stressful situations, excessive use of caffeine or tobacco, and abuse during childhood. There is no need to despair if you are diagnosed with these common mental health disorders. There are treatment options that include medication and regular therapy sessions with a registered psychotherapist.
2. Psychotic Disorders
These are serious health conditions that cause one to have distorted thinking and awareness. In most instances, people with psychotic disorders have trouble staying in touch with reality and often experience hallucinations. Examples of psychotic disorders include schizophrenia and being delusional.
Although there are treatment options for even the severest of these conditions, doctors have not been able to pinpoint the exact cause of this disorder. Research, however, indicates that the various contributors to these conditions include genetics, drug abuse, stress, or significant life changes.
3. Impulse Control Disorder (ICD)
These common mental health disorders occur when a person is unable to control their emotions and behaviours. Various factors influence the signs and symptoms of impulse control disorder. These are age, gender, environment and the exact ICD one is suffering from. Almost always, the uncontrollable emotions and behaviours tend to infringe on other people’s rights and conflict with the morals of society and the law.
Statistics indicate that the male population is more affected by this condition than the female population. It has also been proven that ICD patients are likely to have other mental disorders or substance abuse co-occurring. For the management and treatment of this condition, check yourself into a rehab center for therapy and medication.
4. Personality Disorders
This condition is characterized by rigid and unhealthy, irrational functioning and conduct. It negatively influences a person’s ability to perceive and relate to people and situations. A person with a personality disorder is unable to recognize their problem as everything appears normal to them. There are various types of personality disorders. These include narcissistic, borderline, antisocial, avoidant and dependent disorders.
According to the type of personality disorder one has, they may experience anger, anxiety, depression, hostility, or self-harming. Doctors have not discovered a specific combination of medicine for treatment. However, the use of anti-depressants has been known to help manage this condition.
5. Mood Disorder
It is normal for moods to change. One day you may be happy to have received a promotion and another you may feel down, especially after being scolded by your boss at work. However, if this roller coaster of emotions spiral out of control and start affecting your everyday activities, there is a need to worry. The general symptoms of mood disorders are sadness, emptiness, irritability, depression and extreme happiness.
Mood disorders are a big contributor to many suicide cases. It is, therefore, important to seek treatment as soon as you notice the problem. Talk therapy and medication will go a long way in containing the condition.
6. Eating Disorders
These are illnesses that cause irregular eating behaviours and extreme concern about one’s body weight. There have been instances where a person with an eating disorder starves themselves to the point of being hospitalized. Others overindulge in food and gain so much weight that they cannot fully function on their own.
Most cases of eating disorders are recorded among teenagers, who are more likely to be overly conscious about their body. It is generally believed that eating disorders are caused by a blend of biological, psychological and environmental factors. Examples of eating disorders include bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and binging on food.
7. Autism Spectrum Disorder
ASD is a long term neurodevelopmental disability that is characterized by communication and social interaction problems. Although it has no specific cause, research indicates that genes, the environment, immunologic and metabolic elements, may stimulate the development of this disorder.
The early symptoms are marked with slow language and social development. Although autism is an incurable disorder, there are therapies and treatment options that could alleviate the symptoms.
A person may fully recover from a mental disorder if they are diagnosed and treated early on. Do not be afraid to seek medical assistance as soon as a mental health disorder symptom starts to show.